Timal (MH569v)

Timal (MH569v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the personal name Timal, meaning "Pus" or "Gentle Woman" (here, attested as a man's name) shows two concentric circles. The ring between the two is segmented and has some red or pink colorant.The inner circles has an integrated cross (+) that is reminiscent of the glyph for teocuitlatl (gold). This quincunx shape is somewhat different from the glyph for Timal from MH516 (below).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

In the Historia Tolteca Chichimeca of 1598, Tezozomoc mentions a Toltec named Timal, who was known to have super necromantic powers. Oxford defines necromantic as "relating to witchcraft or black magic, especially the supposed practice of communicating with the dead." [Wimmer 2004 quotes Tezozomoc, and this is published in the Gran Diccionario Náhuatl, https://gdn.iib.unam.mx/diccionario/timal/175522.] The religious prejudice in choosing the term should not overshadow the take-away that Timal was perceived to have special religious or ritual abilities, which may enter into the glyphs for the name Timal, taken by various men of central Mexico perhaps in honor of the famous Toltec man.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 

sores, pus, blood, inflammation, llagas, sangre, inflamación, pústulas, excrescence

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

timal(li), pus or evidence of an infection, or, a gentle woman, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/timalli

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 569v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=218&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: