Tlacochcalcatl (MH491r)

Tlacochcalcatl (MH491r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name or title Tlacochcalcatl consists of a square grid with two sets of horizontal parallel lines and two sets of vertical parallel lines. The result is something like a frame, perhaps a tlacochinamitl. If not a title, this glyph could refer to someone from Tlacochcalco, in the Tlaxcala area, or Tlacochcallan, in the Huejotzingo area.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The Tlacochcalcatl had both military or judicial significance (generals or judges) and religious significance, given the deity associations found in the codices Magliabechiano and Matritenses. [See: The Aztec Templo Mayor, 1987, 330). The iconography of the glyph for this name or title here seems to be a construction (calli) made from tlacochtli arrows. The Matrícula de Tributos (folio 1 verso) has a glyph for the Tlacochcalcatl title that appears to be a calli (providing some right angles) with crossed arrows in front of the building, but the resulting shape is more like an X in that one, and this one is squarish. See the tlacochtli glyphs below, too.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

andres tlacochcalcatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Andrés Tlacochcalcatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzinco, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

José Aguayo-Barragán and Stephanie Wood


jueces, generales militares, deidades, edificios, oficios, títulos, construcciones, flechas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Tlacochcalca(tl), a military general or a judge; also a pueblo official and a name,
tlacoch(tli), projectile, such as an arrow or spear,
tlacochinami(tl), an enclosure,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Capitán General (un juez con obligaciones religiosos)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 491r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: