Tonaloxochitl (MH559v)

Tonaloxochitl (MH559v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Tonaloxochitl (“Sun-Warmed Flower,” attested here as a woman’s name) shows a frontal view of an upright, three-petaled flower (xochitl). Below the flower is a quincunx sign for day, sun, or personal energy (tonalli). It is a cluster of four circles with dots in each one and a small circle in the center. Points of a cross (perhaps representing the four directions) peek out from behind and between the circles. If this quincunx is not a tonalli sign, it could stand for the verb tona, to be warmed by the sun. The passive "lo" is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Note that this is a woman's name. Women's names are few in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, given that this is a list of tribute payers, and the man of the household was responsible (even if women and children likely contributed to the accumulation of resources needed for paying tribute). The few women who appear are often widowed. They typically paid a reduced tribute.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

ana donaloxoshitl

Gloss Normalization: 

Ana Tonaloxochitl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

days, días, sun, sol, flowers, flores

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

La Flor Calentada por el Sol

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: