Tzompan (MH627r)

Tzompan (MH627r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Tzompan ("Skull Rack" or "Tree") represents the name phonetically, using human hair (tzontli), tied in the middle and draped over a flag (panitl).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

In the Spanish colonial context, artists may have been reluctant to draw skull racks for fear of reprisals from the clergy. But this is only conjecture. Another personal name Tzompan also avoids drawing a skull rack (tzompantli), putting instead a tree (which is another translation for tzompantli). See below. Regardless, the name was still Tzompan in both cases.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Tzompan

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

flags, banners, banderas, sticks, palos, hair, pelos, skull racks, estantes de cráneos, tzompantli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Hilera de Cráneos (?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 627r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: