Tzompan (MH639v)

Tzompan (MH639v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Tzompan ("Tree" or "Skull Rack," attested here as a man's name) shows a tree with three branches.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The actual name may be some kind of tree, as appears in the glyph, or perhaps the glyph is a tree in order to disguise the name Skull Rack. In the Spanish colonial context, one can imagine that artists might have been reluctant to draw a skull rack, even if that was what the parents who named their baby boy had in mind. Another personal name Tzompan in the same manuscript as this one, the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, shows a flag (panitl) with human hair (tzontli) draped over it. In that case, too, perhaps the artist was trying to avoid drawing a skull rack. See below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


tzompantles, skull racks, árboles

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

tzompan(tli), skull rack or a short name for a tree (tzompancuahuitl),

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 639v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: