Xicocalcatl (MH732v)

Xicocalcatl (MH732v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name or ethnicity, Xicocalcatl (likely, “Person from Xicocalco”) is attested here as a man’s name. It shows a bee (xicotli) in profile, facing the viewer’s left. Its wings are raised One wing has three horizontal stripes and the other has a circle. It has two raised antenna, an open eye, visible legs, and, coming from its mouth, four short protruding lines. Below the bee is a standard war shield, with a cross (+) on it, rounded sides on left and right, and curving indentations at top and bottom. This type of shield typically stands for the word yaotl, for enemy or combatant. This must have a semantic reading in the name. The -catl (affiliation suffix) is apparently not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The placename Xicocalco is hypothetical. We do have two attestations of glyphs for a Xicochimalco (see below), which would also seem to be the appropriate interpretation for this glyph. Perhaps the gloss here, Xicocalcatl, is in error. Bees in this collection are often shown in profile, but sometimes a frontal or bird's eye view is the case. Examples appear below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

abejas, escudos, rodelas, guerra, casas, lugares, pueblos, barrios, etnicidades, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(una persona de Xicocalco)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 732v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=543&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: