Xiuhnel (MH496r)

Xiuhnel (MH496r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Xiuhnel (here, attested as a man's name) shows a small branch of a plant, at a diagonal, fairly symmetrical, with three leaves on each side of the sprig, and perhaps some sprigs of grass or perhaps roots at the bottom. This is likely an herb (xihuitl). The -nel part of the name is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The name Xiuhnel was fairly common. In the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, it is often depicted as a group of turquoise (xihuitl) tesserae, bits that were used for making mosaic decorations. Xihuitl could mean turquoise, year, herbs, greens. Here, it clearly refers to a green herb, which could have had medicinal or food value. But all the representations for the name Xiuhnel seems to be phonetic, intending to bring forth "Xiuh-" the root of xihuitl (in all its various translations). This very popular name can mean Cloud Serpent or Morning Star in religious discourse.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Xiuhnel

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood


herbs, plants, plantas, hierbas, xihuitl, pahtli, patli, incapaz, serpiente de las nubes, incapaz, estrella de la mañana, nombres de hombres, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Incapaz, La Estrella de la Mañana, o La Serpiente de las Nubes

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 496r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=71&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: