Xiuhteczacatlan (Mdz13r)

Xiuhteczacatlan (Mdz13r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a multicolored drawing of the compound glyph for the place name Xiuhteczacatlan. This compound glyph includes a representation of the divine force of fire and heat, Xiuhtecuhtli, plus some grasses (zacatl) at the top of his head, providing the -zaca- part of the name. The deity representation, in profile, has two parallel bands of what may be red face paint, one across the forehead and one across the cheek and nose. A red headband also appears above the higher stripe on the forehead; it has a white/pink rectangle toward the front. We see two concentric circles of turquoise (xihuitl) (providing the Xiuh- start to the the name) at about the location of the ear, and a u-shaped turquoise emblem on the headband above the ear. A turquoise scroll comes off the nose and another one off the forehead. The "tec" part of the name (from tecuhtli, lord) may be inherent in the iconography for this divine force. The -tlan (locative suffix) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The Codex Borgia has an image of what has been determined to be Xiuhtecuhtli, with a headdress that includes some yellow protrusions and yellow hair that are somewhat reminiscent of this glyphic representation. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiuhtecuhtli#/media/File:Xiuhtecuhtli,_Cod....

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

xiuhtecçacatlan puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Xiuhteczacatlan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 13 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 36 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).