Xochitopil (MH648v)

Xochitopil (MH648v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This colorful painting of the compound glyph for the personal name Xochitopil ("Flower Staff") combines a flowering (xochitl) plant with a long stem that could refer (if obliquely) to the topilli (staff of office). The plant has two stems (top and left) with pink and white, tripartite flowers, and two stems (on the right) that are cut or broken off.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

It is just possible that the man's name here is Xochi and his office is that of topile (possessor of the staff). The gloss does separate the two elements. But there is a dictionary term for xochitopilli, so we are giving that preference for now.

The gloss identifies a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

toribio xochi topil

Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Xochitopil

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

flores, topiles, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xochitopil(li), special staffs of authority made of flowers, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xochitopilli
xochi(tl), flower, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xochitl
topil(li), staff of office, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/topilli
topile, low-level official, such as a constable, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/topile

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Topil de Flores, o Cetro de Flores

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 648v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=379&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: