Yaotl (MH485r)

Yaotl (MH485r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black and white drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Yaotl ("The Combatant") shows a war shield. The shield is rounded on the sides, but has depressions on the perimeter at top and bottom. The shield is divided into four sections with an X-shaped cross. Inside each section is what appears to be a u-shape.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Yaotl is an extremely common name in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco. The early Nahuas lived in a warrior culture, which probably valued being brave and fierce. While "enemy" is the literal translation of yaotl, the name had more of a sense of valiant combatant. The man bearing the name Yaotl also has a baptismal name, Diego. Putting Yaotl second to the baptismal name probably eventually led to it being seen as a surname (as a result of European influence). But today Yaotl is used more as a given name, and many people equate it with Warrior.

This shield can be compared to other graphic styles from other tlacuilos, below. The Indigenous shield was originally round with feathers hanging off the bottom. This one seems to show some European influences.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

diego yaotl

Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Yaotl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Other Cultural Influences: 

wars, guerras, warriors, guerreros, enemies, enemigos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Combatiente

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 485r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: