Yolloxonecuillan (Mdz16v)

Yolloxonecuillan (Mdz16v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Yolloxonecuillan includes two principal components, a heart (yollotl) and a twisted staff that was an offering provided in worship (xonecuilli). The -tlan locative suffix is not shown visually. The heart is red and ragged at the top. It has a horizontal yellow band in the middle, and a red portion at the bottom. The twisted staff is at an angle. It has curving ends, each one curling in a direction opposite from the other.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This heart compares very favorably with the iconography and color scheme of the heart in the Codex Mendoza, f. 65r. See our Online Nahuatl Dictionary for further information about the xonecuilli, which might have been made from a type of cactus. The xonecuilli also apparently referenced a constellation, also called citlalxonecuilli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

yoloxonecuila. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Yolloxonecuillan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

hearts, corazones, rituals, rituales, stars, estrellas, constellations, constelaciones

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

yollo(tl), heart, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/yollotl
xonecuil(li), a stick with twisted ends offered to deities, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xonecuilli
-tlan (locative suffix), https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/tlan

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 16 verso, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 43 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

See Also: