Chalchiuhtepehua (MH644r)

Chalchiuhtepehua (MH644r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Chalchiuhtepehua (perhaps "Mountains of Jade," attested here as a man's name) shows a three-dimensional mountain (tepetl) with the sign of jade (chalchihuitl) at the top.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

If possession is not meant, then the name could be Chalchiuhtepehua, perhaps "he throws jade down" (with the verb tepehua). Aside from literal translations, which are difficult, it is important to know that Chalchiuhtepehua was the name or title of a priest involved in human sacrifice after battles.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

pablo chalchiuhtepeuā

Gloss Normalization: 

Pablo Chalchiuhtepehua

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Syntax (patterns): 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (of compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

jades, piedras preciosas, cerros, montañas, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

chalchiuhtepehua, a priest involved in sacrifice,
chalchihui(tl), jade,
tepehua, to throw down or defeat,
tepe(tl), hill or mountain,
-hua, possessive singular nominal suffix,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

La Montaña Que Tiene Jades

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 644r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: