Chapoltepec (Osu1v)

Chapoltepec (Osu1v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This colorful compound glyph for the place name Chapoltepec ("Grasshopper Hill") comes from folio 1 verso of the Codex Osuna (image 5). It shows the classical bell-shaped sign for hill or mountain. The hill is green. It has a red horizontal line--surrounded by white--near its base. This is the site where a natural spring might emerge. On top of the hill is a grasshopper in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. Its legs are bent and its wings are raised slightly. It has two horizontal, straight antennae coming off its head.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

For other renditions of grasshoppers, see below. Chapulines (as the term entered Spanish) are still an item in the Mexican diet.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Chapoltepec (Chapultepec today)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

hills, mountains, grasshoppers, cerros, montañas, chapulines

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Museum/Rare Book Notes: 

Stone carving of a chapolin found in the Museo de Escultura Mexica, Tlalnepantla, Mexico. The signage mentions how the insect can jump, how it is a food, and how it is considered a harbinger of calamities associated with drought and hunger. Photo by Stephanie Wood, 16 August 2023.

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Image Source: 

Library of Congress Online Catalog and the World Digital Library, Osuna Codex, or Painting of the Governor, Mayors, and Rulers of Mexico,, image 5. The original is located in the Biblioteca Nacional de España.

Image Source, Rights: 

"The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse." But please cite the Biblioteca Nacional de España and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs if you use any of these images here or refer to the content on this page, providing the URL.

Historical Contextualizing Image: