Iztitlan (Mdz16v)

Iztitlan (Mdz16v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a brown, red, and white painting of the simplex glyph for the place name Iztitlan ("Near the [Claw] Nail"). It shows the nail (itztitl) and part of a claw of an animal with a two-tone coat (or feather covering), brown on top and terracotta-colored on the bottom. The claw has a sharp, curving nail. The nail is colored red and white in a way that recalls a tecpatl (flint or obsidian knife). The nail and the flint knife are both sharp objects. The locative suffix (-tlan) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

In this manuscripts, the claws of eagles are generally yellow. Perhaps it is the claw of a ferocious wildcat or coyote. Nevertheless, sharp claws are not featured on glyphs for the coyotl, the miztli, or the tecuani in this collection. So, this is something to watch, which bird or animal was though of having claws and nails as sharp as a tecpatl.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

ytztitlan. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Itztitlan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

nails, claws, sharp, flint knives, clavos, garras, pedernales, uñas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 16 verso, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 43 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).