Macuilitzcuin (MH622r)

Macuilitzcuin (MH622r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph plus notation for the personal name Macuilitzcuin (attested here as a man's name) shows the head of a dog in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. Its eye is open, and its tongue is protruding. Itzcuintli (a small hairless dog) is a day sign in the tonalpohualli, or 260-day calendar. The (changeable) companion number for this day sign is five (macuilli), indicated as five vertical lines stretching upward from the dog's nose. The itzcuintli could have a companion number between 1 and 13, depending upon which day in the 260-day cycle one was considering.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The 260-day divinatory calendar (tonalpohualli) could be consulted to learn the potential fate of a baby born on this day. Calendrics played a significant role in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos.

Note how, in the gloss, the name Mateo shows "th" for t, an orthographic feature that collection is tracking.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Mateo Macuilitzcuin

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

números, cinco, perros, calendarios, días, tonalpohualli, calendars, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cinco Perro, o 5-Perro

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 622r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: