ome xiquipilli (TR39r)

ome xiquipilli (TR39r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing is a frontal view of the simplex glyph of a xiquipilli (sack or bag)in a quantity of two (ome). Two sacks of 8,000, add up to the number 16,000. The highly decorated, ceremonial sack that counts as 8,000 once contained small items of great preciosity in a large quantity, if not literally eight thousand. These bags have a loop at the top that serves as a handle. They have a cross (+) at front and center, a fringe at the bottom, and two knotted and fringed elements at the top on the right and left of the opening.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

While we do not have a gloss to support our reading, we have other comparisons (below) that make it clear. The xiquipilli is a sign for a number, not literally an item being counted in and of itself. Thus, we are considering it a phonogram.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


numbers, números, two, dos, ocho mil, dieciséis mil, 8000, 16000, sixteen thousand, eight thousand, bags, bolsas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

dos por ocho mil, o dieciséis mil, o 16.000

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 39 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: