Teoatzinco (Mdz16r)

Teoatzinco (Mdz16r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Teoatzinco has three prominent visuals, a half-circle, multi-colored symbol for divine force(s) (teotl), a rounded container with water (atl), and the lower half of a male body emphasizing the rear end, bottom, or buttocks (tzintli) with the knees tucked up. The buttocks provides the phonetic value for the diminutive locative -tzinco. The teotl sign has a yellow background, with red, turquoise blue, green, and white details. The atl container has turquoise blue water and a green and yellow, segmented frame. The buttocks is typically maie and painted a terracotta color. It is upright, in profile, facing to the viewer's left, and it has a white belt that would have held up the loincloth (not otherwise visible). The -co locative suffix is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The sign for teotl can be compared against tonatiuh, which is a teotl symbol in the full round (see below, right). The real meaning behind the sounds provided by the various phonetic components suggest the reading of teoatl (divine liquid or blood), and in that case, the -tzin could be a honorific suffix. The format for showing water (atl) is more reminiscent of apantli, a water channel in cross-section, but there is a lot of overlap between representations of water and water channels. There is no -pan- phonetic in this place name.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

teoaçinco. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Teoatzinco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

deities, divinities, water, butts, buttocks, rear end, little, lower, agua, deidades, culos, pequeño, abajo, nalgas, trasero

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 16 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 42 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).