Tlauhpan (Mdz12r)

Tlauhpan (Mdz12r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Tlauhpan includes a round circle filled with the color red (tlatlauhqui) and a black (left) footprint, which can represent the verb pano, to cross over, or just imply being "on" something, standing for the locative suffix (-pan). The footprint is shown in a bird's eye view, and it is heading toward the viewer's left.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Tlauhpan is Tlapan (or, today, Tlapa). Another way of saying red is tlapalli. But Gordon Whittaker (Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs, 2021, 95), sees the stem as "tlauh." (See his transliteration, below.) See below, too, for another example of a footprint being used to say "-pan."

Footprint glyphs have a wide range of translations. In this collection, so far, we can attest to yauh, xo, pano, -pan, paina, temo, nemi, quetza, otli, iyaquic hualiloti, huallauh, tetepotztoca, totoco, -tihui, and the vowel "o." Other research (Herrera et al, 2005, 64) points to additional terms, including: choloa, tlaloa, totoyoa, eco, aci, quiza, maxalihui, centlacxitl, and xocpalli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

tlapan. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Tlauhpan, pueblo (Tlapa, Guerrero, today)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

colors, rojo, colores

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"On the Red" (Whittaker, 2021, 95)

Whittaker's Transliteration: 


Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 12 recto,, image 34 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).