Tlauhpan (Mdz13r)

Tlauhpan (Mdz13r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Tlauhpan includes a round circle filled with the color red (tlatlauhqui) and a black (left) footprint, which can represent the verb pano, to cross over, or just imply being "on" something, standing for the locative suffix (-pan). The footprint is shown in a bird's eye view, and it is heading toward the viewer's left.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Gordon Whittaker provides the transliteration with the stem of "tlauh" (Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs, 2021, 95. See below for another example of the footprint being used to say "on" (-pan).

Footprint glyphs have a wide range of translations. In this collection, so far, we can attest to yauh, xo, pano, -pan, paina, temo, nemi, quetza, otli, iyaquic hualiloti, huallauh, tetepotztoca, totoco, -tihui, and the vowel "o." Other research (Herrera et al, 2005, 64) points to additional terms, including: choloa, tlaloa, totoyoa, eco, aci, quiza, maxalihui, centlacxitl, and xocpalli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Tlauhpan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

rojo, colores, colors

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"On the Red" (Whittaker, 2021, 95)

Whittaker's Transliteration: 


Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 13 recto,, image 36 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).