Xiquipilco (TR37v)

Xiquipilco (TR37v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Xiquipilco shows a frontal view of a bell-shaped mountain or hill (tepetl), which plays a semantic role in saying this is a place (in lieu of showing the -co locative visually). The mountain is painted green. It has five rocky outcroppings (tetl), one at the top and two on the slopes. In words where the tepetl is not silent, the tetl serves as a phonetic indicator for the start of tepetl. At the base of the hill are the usual horizontal stripes in red and yellow. On the top and somewhat to the left is a looping-handled bag, a horizontal fringe below the loop, and three tassels, one on each side and one at the bottom of the bag. The front of the bag has a cross (+) in the middle of a white area.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The sack was a traditional bag that held either cacao beans or incense, probably 8,000 pieces, given that the bag ended up serving to represent the number eight thousand. It is unclear here what material (cotton?) went into its construction. The red and yellow lines on the hill, which are like lips, point to the site for a natural spring to emerge. See the article about red and yellow "interiors" on the left.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 

hills, mountains, cerros, montañas, bags, sacos, bolsas, xiquipiles

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xiquipil(li), a special sack or bag for cacao beans or incense, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xiquipilli
-co, locative suffix, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/co

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

la bolsa [de 8,000], el xiquipile

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The Codex Telleriano-Remensis is hosted on line by the Bibliothèque nationale de France.
https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458267s/f100.item. We have taken this detail shot from folio 37 verso.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is not copyright protected, but please cite Gallica, the digital library of the Bibliothèque nationale de France or cite this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs, ed. Stephanie Wood (Eugene, Ore.: Wired Humanities Projects, 2020–present).