Cocol (MH501r)

Cocol (MH501r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cocol (perhaps "Quarrel" or "Entrusted to Another Person," attested here as a man’s name) shows a line with at least two curves or bends (colli) to it. It may be a piece of string seen from a bird's eye view. The effect of the name is "Curvy," but this seems to be a phonetic indicator meant to bring forth cocol, "to be entrusted to another," or cocolli, "quarrel."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The name here has an alphabetic reduplication of the first syllable. It is unclear whether the wavy line is enough to show a visualization of the reduplication of the "col" (curvy) element in this name. Such a visualization of reduplication is something we are trying to locate and track.

This sign may serve as a rebus-phonogram for the term cocolli, which refers to a quarrel, dispute, or anger and may be what this name really intends. Cocol without the absolutive is identified in the Online Nahuatl Dictionary as meaning "entrusted to another." Yet another possibility is that it is a rebus for grandparents or ancestors (colli). But note how glyphs for the name Cocoliloc can be like this, a curvy cane or else an image of men with their hair being pulled (suggesting a quarrel).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Francisco Cocol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cocol, to be entrusted to another person,
col(li), something bent, twisted, or curling,
cocol(li), a quarrel,
cocolia, to detest or hate someone,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 501r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: