macuiltecpanpixqui (MH642v)

macuiltecpanpixqui (MH642v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph (or example of iconography) for macuiltecpanpixqui ("guardian of five twenties" or "guardian of one hundred" tribute payer) shows a man standing in profile, facing the viewer's left. He is fully dress in a combined Indigenous (the cape, tilmatli) and European style (pants to the knees and a shirt with long sleeves). In his right hand, he holds up five (macuilli) rectangular white flags, each one representing the twenty (tecpantli) tribute payers. The word for flag (panitl, or pamitl) provides the phonetic indicator "pan" for the reading -tecpantli (twenty).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Different numbers of tribute payers were entrusted to guardians who oversaw the collection of tributes from neighborhoods. This one was in charge of one hundred, whereas others (such as the centecpanpixque or simply the tecpanpixque) attended to twenty each.

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Other Cultural Influences: 

tributos, guardianes, banderas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

macuiltecpanpixqui, a keeper of a hundred (tribute payers),
centecpanpia, to guard twenty tribute payers,
centecpanpixqui, a guardian overseeing twenty tribute payers,
tecpan(tli), twenty,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

guardián de cien tributarios

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 642v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: