Tlilquiyahuac (MH647r)

Tlilquiyahuac (MH647r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the personal name Tlilquiyahuac ("Black Entrance" or perhaps "Dark Outside"), attested here as a man's name, shows a profile view of two perpendicular wooden beams that form something of a T-shape. They are facing toward the viewer's right. These are the classic beams that are found on the Nahua hieroglyph for house or building (calli, playing a semantic role here), and therefore they can convey the sense of outside or entrance (quiyahuac). A square of black paint fills in the right side of the T, providing the color black (tlilli), which is at the start of the name.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

If the gloss is accurate to not be ending in "c," then the entrance may be a phonetic indicator for quiyahui or quiyahuitl (rain), and the name would then be "Black Rain."

The gloss identifies a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

toribio tlilquiahua

Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Tlilquiyahuac

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

casas, edificios, entrada negra, afueras

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Entrada Negra

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 647r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: