Xicolazacamitl (MH661v)

Xicolazacamitl (MH661v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Xicolazacamitl (“Ceremonial Jacket [with] Solid Hay Arrows”) is attested here as a man’s name. The ceremonial jacket (xicolli), with its lapel and long sleeves (visible on the right side) seems to show European cultural influence. Three arrows (mitl) stab the neck opening of the jacket. These arrows must be made with solid hay (azacatl), as this element is not shown in any other way. The gloss does not quite support the -azaca- element, but we assume that the middle "c" of -acaca- was meant to have a cedilla, and the intention would have been "z."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

One can find on line an image of the sleeveless xicolli with its feather fringe and its decoration of starry eyes, skulls, and crossbones. See our dictionary entry for xicolli to understand more about it, drawing from sixteenth-century sources. Its military associations (perhaps more Maya than Nahua) may explain the arrows here that were probably made from azacatl, a thick, solid hay. Also, see the museum comparison field, below, for a sixteenth-century image of a man wearing a xicolli, published to Facebook by Arqueología Mexicana.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

juā .xicolacacamitl.

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Xicolacazamitl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

chaqueta, abrigo, saco, plumas, flechas, paja, nombres de hombres

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xicol(li), a priest’s ceremonial sleeveless jacket with military associations, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xicolli
azaca(tl), thick solid hay, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/azacatl
mi(tl), arrow, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/mitl

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Abrigo de Flechas [Hechas de o Con] Paja Sólida

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 661v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=403&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: