Chichimeca (Azca9)

Chichimeca (Azca9)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph representing the Chichimec people, sometimes called a calpulli (in this case, an ethnic group associated with migration). The calpulli name glyph can also double as a place name. The glyph features a building (perhaps meant to be a tecpan, or ruling palace) in profile, open to the right, and representing the place. The building is clearly made from bricks (probably adobe but given a two-tone red and white color). The platform or foundation and the roof both have white/pink horizontal construction. The T-shaped entrance has yellow or golden beams, probably wooden. Above the building lie the horizontal bow and arrow that are diagnostic of the Chichimec people. The Chichimecas both fought and hunted with these implements. The bow is a wide, pink or red, U-shape with a golden cord across the top. The arrow is notably long, seemingly a piece of wood with no feathers or obsidian tip. The arrow does have a sharp point on the left end. It is bound to the bow with what seems to be a red leather thong that wraps around them five or six times.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

post-1550, but content about the migration from Aztlan to about 1527

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

perhaps Tlatelolco, Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

chichimecas, arcos, flechas, gente, pueblo, ancestros

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Chichimeca, ethnic group, non-sedentary peoples,
tlahuitol(li), a bow for shooting arrows,
tlaminqui, a person who shoots with a bow and arrow,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

los Chichimecas

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The Codex Azcatitlan is also known as the Histoire mexicaine, [Manuscrit] Mexicain 59–64. It is housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, and hosted on line by the World Digital Library and the Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress is “unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection.” But please cite Bibliothèque Nationale de France and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: