Xochitonal (MH568r)

Xochitonal (MH568r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Xochitonal (“Flower-Shimmer" or a mythical lizard of Mictlan) is attested here as a man’s name. It hows a flower with three petals and a tripartite sepal. Coming off the top and sides of the flower are an array of short black lines indicated the shimmer and light of the sun (tonalli) radiating off the flower.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Various personal names combine flowers with tonalli. See some more examples below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

pedro xochitonal

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Xochitonal

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

flowers, flores, days, días, life force, fuerza de la vida, sun, sol, shine, brillar, warmth, calor, rayos, luminosidad, lustre, fulgor

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Xochitonal, a personal name and the name of a mythical creature (a lizard) in Mictlan, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xochitonal
xochi(tl), flower, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xochitl
tonal(li), life force, sun, day, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/tonalli

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

James Lockhart (The Nahuas, 1992, 120) says Xochtonal is "Flower Fate," a name that is a poetic metaphor. Cuernavaca region, 1535–1545.

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

La Flor de la Energía Solar

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 568r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=215&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: